main

Règles et Règlements

REGISTRATION No: 1169

The Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius which originated as the “Société d’Histoire Naturelle de l’Ile Maurice” founded in 1829 and renamed “The Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius” in 1846, was granted permission to bear the ‘Royal” title by Her Majesty Queen Victoria in 1847. The Society was then named “The Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius” and was resolved to be registered as a non-profit making Society at a general Meeting held on the 23rd August 1974 under the Registration of Associations Ordinance, 1949, and should be governed by the following rules.

List of Articles

  1. The name of the Society shall be The Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius, which is, hereafter in these rules, referred to as the 'Society'.
  2. The duration of the Society shall be unlimited.
  3. The Society shall have a seal bearing its name.
  1. The seat of the Society shall be at The Mauritius Sugarcane Industry Research Institute, Reduit, or at such place as may be subsequently decided upon by the Managing Committee.
  2. The Postal address of the Society shall be Postal Box 55, Curepipe. Any change of address shall be notified to the Registrar of Associations within fourteen days of such change.
  1. The objects of the Society shall be:
    • to further among its members, the interest in Arts, Sciences and any matter connected therewith;
    • to upkeep a library for use by its members, or members of the public in general as may be authorised to do so by the Managing Committee;
    • to promote visits, publications and organise lectures and seminars of interest for its members;
    • to publish valuable scientific and artistic works in the proceedings of the Society;
    • to do all such things that are conducive to the attainment of the above objects.
  1. Membership of the Society is open to any person taking an interest in any of the objects of the Society.
  2. The members shall on admission pay an entrance fee of five hundred rupees (Rs 500) and a yearly subscription of five hundred rupees (Rs500) or such sum as may be from time to time be fixed by the Managing Committee.
  3. For the purpose of yearly membership subscription:
    • a year means a calendar year or part thereof in respect of a new member;
    • payments shall be effected by 31 January of the year in which it is due.
  4. Application for membership shall be made in writing on an application form to be obtained from the Secretary, seconded by a member and addressed back to the Secretary.
  5. The Secretary shall inform an applicant for membership to the Society in writing of the acceptance or rejection of application.
  6. Membership shall start upon payment of the entrance fees together with a yearly subscription.
  7. The decision to accept or to reject any application for membership rests with the Managing Committee which shall not have to justify its decision regarding admission or rejection of membership.
  8. The Society shall have the following categories of members:
    • Ordinary Members:
      • Shall be any person taking an interest in any of the objectives of the Society.
      • Shall have been admitted as a member by the Managing Committee.
      • Shall have paid their dues.
    • Honorary members:
      • Shall not exceed ten (10) in number at any one time.
      • Shall have contributed to the enhancement of the Society, the merit of whom shall be discussed by a special committee.
      • Shall have the right, if they live in Mauritius to vote and sit as a member of the Managing Committee.
      • Shall be exempted from payment of annual fees.
    • Life Members:
      • Shall be those having paid in a single payment for ten (10) years’ worth subscriptions.
    • Minor Members:
      • A minor may with the written consent of his responsible party, be admitted as a member of the Society.
      • No minor shall have the right to sit as a member of the Managing Committee nor to vote at any assembly.
  1. The Society shall be administered by a Managing Committee composed of ten (10) members to be elected every two years at the General Assembly Meeting and the Managing Committee shall have the power of electing 2 co-opted members, without voting rights.
  2. Notice of candidature to the Managing Committee and every motion purported to be on the agenda of the General Assembly Meeting shall be given in writing to the Secretary of the Society at least seven days before the date for which the meeting is scheduled.
  3. The postmark date or any acknowledgement of receipt of the candidature or motion, under paragraph 2 above, by the Secretary shall be proof of such notification within the required time limit.
  4. In the event two or more candidates score the same number of votes and in the absence of a voluntary settlement, a draw of lots binding the candidates concerned, shall be effected to determine the candidate(s) to sit on the Managing Committee.
  5. Not later than two weeks after their election or nomination, the elected or nominated members of the Managing Committee shall choose from among themselves a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, a Treasurer and an Assistant Treasurer who shall hold office until the next election due and shall be re-eligible; no member shall hold more than one office.
  6. Any member who is also an employee of the Society shall not be allowed to stand as candidate to the Managing Committee.
  7. The Managing Committee shall meet at least once quarterly or more often as the President may think fit.
  8. Any four (4) members present shall form a quorum for a meeting of the Managing Committee.
  9. Whenever, after two (2) attempts, the Managing Committee is unable to meet for any reasons whatsoever or whenever the number of members of the Managing Committee falls below the required quorum for a meeting of the Managing Committee due to resignation, or otherwise, of members of the Managing Committee, the Secretary shall cause a special general meeting to be convened and held within one month of the last attempted meeting of the Managing Committee to consider the situation and to take action as appropriate, provided that if the Secretary fails to convene such meeting within ten days of the last attempted meeting of the Managing Committee, any member of the Managing Committee may do so.
  10. Notice of any meeting of the Managing Committee shall be given in writing by post and/or electronic means, to members by the Secretary at least five days before the date fixed for the meeting, provided that in case of urgencies the notice of meeting may be shorter.
  11. Vacancies in the Managing Committee up to a maximum of three in any term of office shall be filled in by members designated by the remaining members of the Managing Committee at a meeting.
  12. Any vacancy in excess of three in any term of office shall be filled in by election at a special general meeting convened for the purpose.
  13. Managing Committee members may be removed and replaced by a majority vote given at a special general meeting.
  14. At a written and motivated request signed by three members of the Managing Committee, the President shall cause a meeting of the Managing Committee to be convened within a fortnight from the date of the request, failing which the signatories may themselves convene the meeting in accordance with paragraph 10 above.
  15. The absence of a member for more than three consecutive Managing Committee meetings without good and sufficient cause shall give the right to the Committee to replace him by another member, provided that the following procedure is followed;
    • the absenting member is notified by registered mail;
      • either convened to appear before the Managing Committee at a meeting to give reasons as to why he should not be replaced as member of the Managing Committee;
      • or required to submit in writing of the reasons as to why he should not be replaced as member of the Managing Committee, in which case the absenting member shall submit his explanations by registered mail to the Secretary in a time limit not exceeding fifteen days as from receipt of the request;
    • the Managing Committee shall meet and consider the case and decide whether to allow the member to remain on the Managing Committee or replace him.
  16. No person who is an undischarged bankrupt, or has, within the three preceding years, been convicted of any offence involving fraud or dishonesty shall be qualified to become an officer or having been so appointed or elected shall continue to act as such.
  17. The meeting of the Managing Committee required to be held under paragraph 5 shall normally be convened by the outgoing Secretary, or otherwise by any member as agreed upon, in writing, by post and/or electronic means, by a majority of the elected members.
  18. In case of a tie for the appointment of any position in the Managing Committee, the issue shall be settled by a draw of lots.
  19. Decisions at Managing Committee meetings shall normally be by consensus, or otherwise by a majority vote.
  1. The Managing Committee is empowered:
    • subject to paragraph 2:
      • to invest the funds of the Society in recognised securities;
      • to lease or to take on lease or to let movable or immovable property;
    • to accept donations and legacies from any source provided that such donations and legacies are free from any conditions detrimental to the objects of the Society;
    • to appoint such staff as it may deem fit and proper and fix their remuneration and other conditions of service;
    • to set up sub-committees and ad-hoc committees with such terms of reference and on such issues as it may deem fit provided that such committees shall submit reports to the Managing Committee on the matters referred to them.
  2. The Managing Committee shall first seek the sanction of a general meeting for any transaction exceeding one thousand rupees per item in value or four thousand rupees in any one year (or for any amount that may subsequently be provided for in the relevant law);
  3. The Managing Committee shall not be empowered to dispose, pledge, mortgage or charge any property worth more than three thousand rupees (or any amount that may subsequently be provided for in the relevant law) and belonging to the Society unless such transaction has been approved by ‘special resolution’ in accordance with Section 30 of the Registration of Associations Act.
  1. The General Assembly Meeting shall be held not later than three months after the accounting date.
  2. A special general meeting shall be called whenever;
  3. If the Managing Committee fails to comply with paragraph 2.2 above, five signatories or ten per cent of the signatories of the request, whichever is the less, may convene and hold the meeting by following the provisions of paragraph 6 below.
  4. Subject to the provisions of the Registration of Associations Act, Twenty percent (20 %) of the number of compliant members, present in person or represented, shall constitute a quorum for any general meeting.
  5. In case there is no quorum:
  6. Notice of any general meeting, with the agenda and place of the meeting, shall be given in writing by post and/or electronic means by the Secretary to the members at least fourteen (14) days before the date on which the meeting is scheduled;

    The notice for the General Assembly Meeting shall include a call for candidates to sit as members of the Managing Committee. The application to sit as a member of the Managing Committee should reach the Secretary at least seven (7) days prior to the meeting.

    The Managing Committee shall have a notice of the general meeting published in a newspaper, at least fourteen (14) days prior to the meeting. Items to be put under “Any Other Business” shall be sent in writing to the Secretary, seconded by another member one (1) week prior to the date of the meeting.
  1. Voting at general meetings shall be:
    • by secret ballot, for the election of the members of the Managing Committee;
    • for any other issue, by show of hands unless otherwise required by at least Thirty percent (30%) of the number of compliant members present at the meeting.
  2. Each member shall be entitled to one vote provided he has been regularly admitted as a member and he is not in arrears with his yearly subscriptions.
  3. Voting by proxy at general meetings shall be allowed subject to Section 28(3) of the Registration of Associations Act and to paragraphs 4 and 5 below.
  4. For the taking of a "special resolution" in accordance with Section 30 of the Registration of Associations Act, a member may vote by proxy through another member but no member shall vote as proxy for more than twenty (20) members.
  5. For any purpose other than the taking of a "special resolution", no member shall vote by proxy through another member for more than nine (9) members.
  1. The Managing Committee may terminate the membership of any member in case of misconduct.
  2. In every case the defaulting member shall be convened before the Managing Committee where he shall:
  3. Notwithstanding paragraph 2.3 above, a member may be required to appear personally before the Managing Committee and in case he fails to do so without any valid reason, the Managing Committee may take a decision in the matter.
  4. Any decision taken by the Managing Committee shall be notified to the defaulting member by registered mail.
  5. The defaulting member shall have the right to an appeal against any decision taken by the Managing Committee by sending his appeal to the Secretary by registered mail.
  6. Any appeal under paragraph 5 above shall be lodged with the Secretary not later than fifteen (15) days after the receipt of the notification of the decision of the Managing Committee by the member concerned, provided that no appeal shall be considered after this time limit has expired.
  7. On receiving an appeal under paragraph 6 above, the Managing Committee shall cause a special general meeting to be convened and held within one month of receipt of the notice of appeal failing which the charges levelled against the defaulting member shall automatically lapse.
  8. The decision of the special general meeting concerning an appeal shall be final.
  9. Any member who is in arrears with his membership subscription without sufficient cause being shown within one month after receipt of a letter from the Secretary or the Treasurer shall have his name crossed out from the "Register of Members" by a decision of the Managing Committee.
  10. A member who resigns or who is expelled forfeits all his rights to any property of the Society and to any contribution, monetary or otherwise, he may have made to the Society.
  1. The President shall:
    • preside over all meetings of the Society;
    • at the General assembly Meeting, submit a report on the working of the Society for the preceding accounting period, together with a statement of accounts drawn up and signed by the Treasurer and certified by the Auditors.
  2. In the absence of the President, the Vice-President shall preside over any meeting.
  3. In the absence of the President and the Vice-President at a meeting, any committee member chosen from among and by the Managing Committee members present at a meeting shall preside over the meeting.
  4. In case of equality of votes, the presiding member shall have a casting vote.
  5. The Vice-President shall, in the absence of the President, exercise the same powers and rights, and assume the same responsibilities as those of the President.
  1. The Secretary shall:
    • convene all meetings of the Managing Committee, general meetings and any other meetings of the Society;
    • draw up the minutes of proceedings of meetings which shall, after confirmation at the first ensuing Managing Committee or general meeting, as the case may be, be countersigned by the President;
    • have the custody of the records of the Society;
    • keep a ‘Register of Members’ in which shall be recorded, in respect of each member:
      • the surname and other names;
      • the address;
      • the date of admission;
      • the date of birth;
      • such other particulars as the Managing Committee may require.
  2. The Secretary shall, not later than three months after the accounting date in every year, forward to the Registrar of Associations, a return containing:
    • a certified copy of the statement of the Society required to be submitted to the General Assembly Meeting under section 22 of the Registration of Associations Act, together with a declaration specifying whether the statement has been approved by the meeting;
    • a statement of the names and postal addresses of the officers of the Society;
    • a return of the membership of the Society as on the 31st December of the preceding year; and
    • where the Society has amended its rules during the accounting period, a copy of the rules of the Society as amended should be sent to the Registrar of Associations and a copy kept by the Secretary.
  3. The Secretary shall, within fourteen days give written notice of the change to the Registrar of Associations following any change:
    • among the Managing Committee members;
    • among the Auditors;
    • in the address of the office of the Society.
  4. The Assistant Secretary shall, generally, assist the Secretary in his duties but in case of absence of the Secretary, he shall replace the Secretary and exercise the same powers and rights, and assume the same responsibilities as those of the Secretary.
    • have the custody of all the accounting books and records of the Society;
    • receive all sums of money due or accruing to the Society and deliver receipts thereof;
    • within the least possible delay, pay into one or more of the local banks, chosen by the Managing Committee, the money received by him;
    • be allowed to keep in his possession a sum not exceeding one thousand rupees (Rs1000), as cash in hand for petty expenses;
    • lay before the Managing Committee at its quarterly meeting:
      • a statement showing the financial transactions of the last month;
      • a list of all members who are in arrears with their yearly subscriptions for three years or more;
    • keep a ‘Register of Members’ as prescribed by law;
    • prepare the statement of accounts;
    • effect all payments exceeding one hundred rupees by cheque;
    • produce his books and related documents for examination whenever required by the President or by the Auditor;
    • in conjunction with the President, sign all cheques, deeds and other documents of the Society;
    • keep a ‘Record of Revenue’ in the form prescribed by law and a cashbook showing its receipts and payments;
    • once a year, not later than one month after the accounting date, prepare and submit to the Managing Committee;
      • a statement of the receipts and payments for the last accounting period; and
      • a statement of the assets and liabilities of the Society existing on the accounting date;
    • on his resignation or on vacation of his office, or whenever required so to do by the rules of the Society or the Registration of Society Act, render to the Society a true account of money received and paid by him since his appointment or since he last rendered an account, whichever occurs later.
  1. The Assistant Treasurer shall, generally, assist the Treasurer in his duties but in case of absence of the Treasurer, he shall replace the Treasurer and exercise the same powers and rights, and assume the same responsibilities as those of the Treasurer.
  1. Two Auditors shall be appointed at the General Assembly Meeting;
  2. The Auditors shall need the approval of the Registrar of Associations, if they are not professionally qualified.
  3. The Auditors shall hold office for two (2) years concurrently with the term of office of the Managing Committee and may be re-elected for two (2) consecutive years.
  4. The Auditors may be removed and replaced by a decision of a general meeting.
  5. The Managing Committee shall, upon written request by any of the Auditors, submit the accounts of the Society for audit.
    • The Auditors shall
      • make a thorough examination of all the books and documents in the custody of the Treasurer at least once yearly and shall forthwith report to the Managing Committee through the President any error or omission detected in the course of the examination;
      • verify and certify all statements of accounts prior to their being submitted to the General Assembly Meeting;
      • draw an inventory of all the belongings of the Society, in conjunction with the Treasurer, at least once yearly.
  1. The President, the Vice President, the Treasurer and the Assistant Treasurer shall each become bound with two sureties in the sum of one thousand rupees (Rs1000) jointly and severally for the true performance of their duties.
  2. The security bonds shall be filed in the office of the Registrar of Associations without undue delay before the assumption of office of the Managing Committee members mentioned at paragraph 1 above.
  1. All books of the Society shall be kept in English or in French.
  2. The books shall be open to inspection to any person having an interest in the funds of the Society.

All books and documents shall be kept at the seat of the Society.

  1. The Society shall act, sue and shall be sued, implead or be impleaded and shall do all other acts under its corporate name through its Secretary.
  2. Whenever the Society shall be sued or be impleaded and whenever it shall be necessary to serve notices, summonses or any other legal process, judicial or extra-judicial, upon the Society, service upon the Secretary shall be good and sufficient upon the Society.
  1. No amendments of these rules shall be effected except by ‘special resolution’ taken in accordance with section 30 of the Registration of Associations Act and such amendments shall not be implemented until and unless registered by the Registrar of Association.
  2. The decision to dissolve the Society or to amalgamate it with another Society shall be taken by ‘special resolution’ in conformity with law.
  3. In the event of winding up of the Society, all its property, movable or immovable, its cash at bank and in hand, shall be disposed of in conformity with law.
  4. In compliance with the Registration of Associations Act, in the event of its winding up, the Society shall nominate a Registered Association to which its remaining properties shall be transferred.
  5. Where the Society has taken a ‘special resolution’ that it shall be wound up, the Secretary shall, within fourteen days after the resolution has been approved, give written notice of the resolution to the Registrar of Associations and lodge with him;
    • a certified copy of the minutes of proceedings of the general meeting at which the ‘special resolution’ to wind up the Society has been approved;
    • a detailed statement of the assets and liabilities of the Society; and
    • a declaration signed by him that section 30 of the Registrar of Associations Act has been complied with.
  6. In the event of the Society is required to be wound up, all its property shall vest in the Registrar of Associations who shall proceed as laid down in section 18 of the Registration of Associations Act.
  1. The President and the Treasurer shall jointly sign all cheques, deeds and other documents legally binding the Society.
  2. In the absence or incapacity of the President or the Treasurer, the Vice President or the Assistant Treasurer shall respectively sign all cheques, deeds and other documents.
  1. The accounting date of the Society shall be 31 December and its accounting period (financial year) shall be from 01 January to 31 December.
  2. In these rules, words importing the masculine include feminine unless otherwise required by the context.
  3. Any member who resigns or who is expelled shall have no claims to a refund of any contribution, monetary or otherwise, made by him to the Society in any way.
  4. The Society may be affiliated to any other Society, or form part of any federation of Society, local, regional or international, provided that in so doing, such affiliation is not detrimental to the objects of the Society.
  5. Any dispute between the Society and any of its member or any person's claim by or through a member shall be settled by a special general meeting.
  6. The handing over of all books, documents cash in hand, etc., belonging to the Society shall be effected by the outgoing Managing Committee members within two weeks of the date of appointment of the newly elected Managing Committee members.

Marie-Josee MARTIAL-CRAIG

The Secretary